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PUBLICATION ETHICS

Bali Medical Journal is committed to:

  1. Implementation of the higher value of Academic Integrity in Education, Research, and Publication activities.
  2. Actively and systematically prevents any deviations from Academic Integrity.
  3. Ensure that advertising, reprint, or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions.

 

That is why Bali Medical Journal adhering to the standards and guidelines set out by COPE, ARJUNA, and ANJANI.

ARJUNA (Indonesian Journal Accreditation) and ANJANI (Indonesian Academic Integrity Platform)

Bali Medical Journal is a proud member of ARJUNA (Indonesian Journal Accreditation), even ranked as a top-tier journal in Indonesia (https://sinta.kemdikbud.go.id/journals/profile/2513). BaliMedJ is obliged to follow all regulations, including ANJANI; which is a comandement by the Indonesian Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education, as a mandate regarding academic integrity, to carry out promotions in Development, Evaluation, Measurement, Classification, and Violations, as well as sanctions given to violators of Academic integrity.

ANJANI has prepared software tools to detect similarities in scientific works so that the level of plagiarism can be measured. Document sources for Anjani were obtained from the integration repository of universities and R&D institutions in the Rama portal (http://rama.kemdikbud.go.id/), integration of electronic journals in Indonesia in the Garuda portal (http://garuda.kemdikbud.go. id/) and Integration of intellectual property of researchers in Indonesia in the SINTA portal.

COPE (Committee on Publication Ethics)

The journal guidelines from the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) have been used to face all aspects of publication ethics, particularly how to handle research and publication misconduct cases. All articles in this journal involving human and animal subjects should respect research ethics described in the Declaration of Helsinki and obey the International Guiding Principles for Biomedical Research developed by the Council for International Organization of Medical Sciences (CIOMS). All articles dealing with original human or animal data must include a statement on ethics approval at the beginning of the Methods section.

In addition, and as stated above, the authors must state written informed consent obtained from the study participants for studies conducted on human participants. The protection of a patient's right to privacy is essential. The authors need to state how to collect and keep copies of patients' consent forms on which patients or other subjects of the experiments grant permission for the publication of photographs or other material that might identify them. If the research consent form did not specifically include this, please obtain it or remove the identifying material.

Similarly, for experiments involving animals, the authors must state the care of animals and licensing guidelines under which the study was performed and report these in accordance with the ARRIVE (Animals in Research: Reporting In Vivo Experiments) statement. If ethics clearance was not necessary, or if there was any deviation from these standard ethical requests, please state why it was not required.

Based on the aforementioned, Bali Medical Journal (BaliMedJ) adapts COPE to meet the high-quality standards of ethics for publishers, editors, authors, and reviewers. As an essential issue, publication ethics needs to be explained clearly and well-defined to improve the quality of the research worldwide. This part explains the standard for editors, authors, and reviewers. In addition, the publisher doesn't have the right to interfere with the integrity of the contents and only supports publishing articles in a timely manner. So several guides need to be followed, as mentioned below.

For Editors

Several issues need to be followed by editors: 1) Every article published in Bali Medical Journal is the Editor's responsibility; 2) The authors need to follow the instructions for author that we adapt from ICMJE and guide by Editor; 3) The editors have a pivotal role to communicate to other editors or reviewers in making the final decision; 4) The evaluation of the manuscript objectively for publication, judging each on its quality without looking to nationality, ethnicity, political beliefs, race, religion, gender, seniority, or institutional affiliation of the authors has conducted by editors. Declining his/her assignment is necessarily needed if potential of conflict of interest was found; 5) Information regarding authors and their affiliation must be ensured are not included in the manuscript sent to the reviewer, vice versa; 6) The authors need to be informed regarding editor's decision according to the commentary report from reviewers unless they contain offensive or libelous remarks; 7) The author's request need to be respected by the editors whereas an individual should not review the submission as long as well-reasoned and practicable; 8) Confidentiality of manuscript submission is guaranteed by editorial board member and staffs; 9) COPE flowchart was used as a guidance for editors if suspected misconducted or disputed authorship found.

For Reviewers

Several issues need to be followed by reviewers: 1) Ethical issues and possible research/publication misconduct need to be noticed; 2) If the reviewers cannot complete the work in a timely manner, they should notify the journal editors; 3) The confidentiality of manuscript need to be kept by reviewers; 4) A potential conflict of interest or possible research misconduct in the manuscript need to be declined by the reviewers.

For Authors

Several issues need to be followed by authors such as: 1) Author(s) confirm that the manuscript has not been previously published and transferred elsewhere any rights to the article; 2) Originality of the study, as well as a proper citation in accordance with the format of the references, need to be ensured by Author(s); 3) Plagiarism nor self-plagiarism is prohibited in Bali Medical Journal; 4) 'Salami' publication is also strictly prohibited in Bali Medical Journal; 5) The authorship criteria from ICMJE need to be followed by Author(s) as explained from author's guidelines in Bali Medical Journal; 6) Any personal information should be blinded by Author(s) such as from forms of description part, photograph or pedigree. However, clear informed consent received from the subject participants could be used only for scientific purposes if the photographs of the patient were essential and indispensable; 7) In the case of experimenting on humans, the authors have certified that the process of the research is in accordance with ethical standards of Helsinki declaration, domestic and foreign committees that preside over human experi­ment. If any doubts are raised about whether the research proceeded in accordance with the declaration, the authors should explain it. In the case of experimenting on animals, the authors have certified that the authors had followed the domestic and foreign guidelines related to the experiment of animals in a laboratory; 8) Author(s) should give the editor the data and details of the work if there are suspicions of data falsification or fabrication; 9) Authors of the journal should clarify everything that may cause a conflict of interests such as work, research expenses, consul­tant expenses, and intellectual property on the document of ICMJE form disclosure; 10) At the point of submission, policy requires that each author reveal any financial interests or connections, direct or indirect, or other situations that might raise the question of bias in the work reported or the conclusions, implications, or opinions stated - including pertinent commercial or other sources of funding for the individual author(s) or the associated department(s) or organization(s), personal relationships, or direct academic competition.

Bali Medical Journal (BaliMedJ) expects the highest ethical standards from its authors, reviewers, and editors when conducting research, submitting papers, and throughout the peer-review process. So that is why we conducted a double-blind review process, in which the author identities were concealed from the reviewers, and vice versa, throughout the review process.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published or currently submitted elsewhere. Duplicate publication is a violation of the APA code of ethics (APA Publication Manual, 2010) and will be grounds for prompt rejection of the submitted manuscript. If the editor is not aware of the violation and the article has been published, a notice of duplicate submission and the ethical violation will be published.

Reporting Standards & Data Access

The author must report the results of his research accurately and objectively. The data used must be accurately presented. The manuscript must contain sufficient detail and references so other researchers can replicate the work. The author may be asked to provide research data for Editorial Review needs.

Originality, Acknowledgment of Source, & Confidentiality

The author must ensure that what is written in the manuscript is original. The author should avoid all forms of plagiarism practice. Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. The authors should cite publications that influence the written report. Information obtained from conversations, correspondence, or discussions with third parties must obtain permission from the source to be reported in the manuscript. The author must ensure that it has written permission to use confidential information.

Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication

Authors may not publish the same research work in multiple journals. Authors are also prohibited from submitting the same manuscript simultaneously to more than one journal for publication. Authors may not submit published work except in form of a thesis, lecture material, or electronic preprint.

Authorship of the Paper

Authors should be limited to those who have a significant contribution (determine the concept, design, execution, or interpretation of the manuscript). All such persons should be listed as co-authors. Parties that participate in certain aspects of the script (e.g., language editing) should be recognized in the acknowledgments section. The corresponding author should ensure that all co-authors have been included in the paper, and no inappropriate co-authors are listed. The corresponding author is also responsible for ensuring that all co-authors have approved the manuscript submitted for publication in the journal. Authors take collective responsibility for the work.

Hazards and Human / Animal Subjects

The author should clearly identify in the manuscript if it involves chemicals, procedures, or equipment with unusual danger. Research involving human or animal subjects should be conducted in accordance with relevant laws and institutional guidance. The authors are obliged to write in the manuscript that the procedures performed have been in accordance with the rules and the guidelines and have received permission to conduct such research. If the author wants to display case details or personal information, the Author must obtain the patient's or the authorities' written consent. All permissions should be presented by the author to the editor if requested.

Fundamental Errors in Published Works

If the author finds significant errors or inaccuracies in his published work, the author shall notify the Journal Editor to retract or correct the manuscript. If the editor learns the error from a third party, the authors must cooperate with the Journal Editor to clarify, improve, or retract the manuscript.

Image Integrity

It is not acceptable to make image manipulation that can change the meaning of the image. Changing the image to improve clarity is acceptable, but image manipulation for other purposes can violate research ethics.

Submission Declaration and Verification

The submission has not been previously published or is under consideration by another journal (except in the form of an abstract as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint). Please read more about "Multiple, Redundant, or Concurrent Publication" from our Publication Ethics pages.

Changes to Authorship

The list of authors listed at the time of submission is final and should not be changed. Authors are expected to consider carefully including an order of authors. Any addition, deletion, or rearrangement of author names should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. Written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors is needed to make such a change, including confirmation from the author being added or removed. Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider adding, deleting, or rearranging authors.

Other Links

The following are useful links for our authors, reviewers, and editors.

COPE 

COPE Flow-Charts

International standards for editors and authors

Policies on Conflict of Interest, Human and Animal Rights, and Informed Consent

ANJANI